The Masses Romanticism and Revolution This political cartoon by James Gillray illustrates the difference between opposing political views of the French Revolution by contrasting a dignified British freedom with the events of the Reign of Terror, or the rule of fear masquerading as liberty.
Costumes of The French Republic to The French Republic to Fashion during the Directoire period. TIME has passed, and we have reached the year For a while, at least, we must bid farewell to the reign of Fancy.
Fashion is about to become simpler, as the horizon darkens. At the period we have now reached, the tastes of women were serious, just as those of their husbands were political.
Their hats were helmet-shaped. Mode parisienne Masculine style of dress Such was the costume of the more audacious among them. All wore very short-waisted bodices, displaying a good deal of the bosom, unless it were hidden by a gauze kerchief, or long scarf, which was either printed in colors, braided, or brocaded.
The double dress vainshes The fashion of two dresses, one worn over the other, that had been so general in the latter half of the seventeenth century, and the first half of the eighteenth, had completely disappeared in favour of one gown only. The arms were either altogether bare, with a sort of padded strap at the shoulder, or were covered from shoulder to wrist by plain tight sleeves.
Caps were occasionally worn, with velvet or silk crown, lace frillings, and a graceful bow of ribbon above the forehead.
These caps were tied under the chin by a ribbon of the same color, and fastened at the back by a similar rosette. Inthe national cockade was worn.
Everybody carried a fan, or an embroidered handkerchief, in the left hand. But the women would no longer use either paint or powder — miracle due to the Revolution. Powder they considered unnecessary, paint ridiculous, and both savored of aristocracy. Prediction by the Cabinet des Modes What a change had taken place between andin the aspect of the fair sex.
The last portrait of Charlotte Corday Expensive costumes were very rarely seen. Yet Fashion contrived to respond to all the events of the time. The smallest trifle that attracted the attention of the masses was instantly turned to account in some adjunct of dress.
Was a rhinoceros or an elephant exhibited at the Jardin des Plantes. It consisted of two little gauze wings stretched on steel springs, which fluttered at each side of the head with the lightest breeze. With regard to jewelry, the case was the same.
On the taking of the Bastille, small fragments of its stones were set in gold or silver, and worn as necklaces, bracelets, and rings.
Coiffure dite sans redoute. In the course of the following year,the Federation at the Champs de Mars was commemorated by the creation of the Federal uniform for ladies by a dressmaker of the Palais Royal.
I might give many more examples, for each event of the Revolution was marked by a corresponding innovation in dress, hut let it suffice to state that at the period of which I am speaking, the whole theory of fashion was based on the assumption of equality in dress.
It is easy to understand the effect of this state of things on Fashion. The Republican style of garment entirely enveloped the wearer, and gracefully defined the figure.
The effect, taken as a whole, was charming. But although the queen of France found no one to take her place, that of the queen of Fashion was aspired to by a Mme.To make the story of 19th-century culture start in the year of the French Revolution is at once convenient and accurate, even though nothing in history “starts” at a precise moment.
For although the revolution itself. French literature - From to the midth century: The French Revolution of provided no clean break with the complex literary culture of the Enlightenment.
Many ways of thinking and feeling—whether based on reason, sentiment, or an exacerbated sensibility—and most literary forms persisted with little change from to In the decades following the French Revolution and Napoleon’s final defeat at Waterloo () a new movement called Romanticism began to flourish in France.
If you read about Romanticism in general, you will find that it was a pan-European movement that had its roots in England in the mid-eighteenth century. The 19th century, also referred to as the Victorian Era, ushered in an era of unprecedented prosperity to England.
This lesson touches on 19th-century English society, its social values and class. French literature - The 18th century to the Revolution of The death of Louis XIV on September 1, , closed an epoch, and thus the date of is a useful starting point for the Enlightenment.
The beginnings of critical thought, however, go back much further, to about , where one can begin to discern a new intellectual climate of independent inquiry and the questioning of received. Neo-Romanticism ().
Term denoting the intense, poetic, figurative and semi-abstract British landscape paintings of Paul Nash, Graham Sutherland and others in the late s, s and s, that gave a modern interpretation to the romantic, visionary works of the 18th century William Blake and the 19th century Samuel Palmer.