Miller Rowan University Deborah D. Wright Rutgers University Racial-political coalitions have been successful in accomplishing their goals to various degrees; however, the most successful coalitions are those that tend to be broader in scope and address the concerns of all the ethnic groups that comprise them. After achieving broad goals, a racial-political coalition often attempts to extend beyond its initial purposes to pursue more specific political interests. Such pursuits tend to have detrimental affects on the ability of the coalition to continue to exist as it was originally conceived.
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Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Overview This paper explores the limits and potentials of ethnic and racial coalition building in Los Angeles. The demographic changes that have occurred in Los Angeles during the past twenty years have been extraordinary, both in scope and diversity.
The area has witnessed a literal boom in population growth, increasing from 7 million in to 8. US Bureau of the Census However, it is the dramatic change in ethnic and racial diversity of the population which has caught most observers attention.
Los Angeles has taken on a new form in terms of its racial diversity, moving from a biracial to a multiethnic setting.
What does this ethnic diversity mean for multiethnic coalition building in the politics of Los Angeles County? Does the changing demography increase the opportunity for ethnic cooperation?
Or, has the ethnic changes increased rather than decreased the prospects of interethnic conflict? Introduction After the riots, a clarion call was issued from all corners for the emerging multiethnic majority to take its rightful place in the politics and leadership of the city.
A multiethnic coalition, it ws suggested, could lead the city to a new multicultural future. But what do we do know about the prospects of multiethnic coalitions? There is voluminous literature on urban politics. However, this literature has been shaped principally by the question of racial politics.
Browning, Marshall and Tabb That is, how have traditional urban politics, read White politics, been affected or impacted by the role of Blacks on the urban scene. Carmichael and Hamilton In this work, as in most of the literature, the foundation of coalitions were based on common interests.
Thus, they rejected the notion that White liberals, whose ideological orientation was favorable to Black aspirations, should be viewed as reliable and enduring allies. Rather, they were perceived as one among many which could be either potential allies or potential adversaries on the road to power.
|Essay on History Essays. Research Paper on Martin Luther King and Patrick Henry: Cry for Freedom||Times study of census finds communities far more mixed. Some experts fear new ethnic divisions.|
|Los Angeles, CA - The Full Wiki||Cultural diversity in local politics Diversity in Local Politics Overview This paper explores the limits and potentials of ethnic and racial coalition building in Los Angeles. The demographic changes that have occurred in Los Angeles during the past twenty years have been extraordinary, both in scope and diversity.|
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Alliances forging common interests are not readily evident or clear among the diversity of racial and ethnic groups in Los Angeles. Moreover, class and ethnic divisions between and within ethnic and racial groups have structured competing and cross-cutting interests that, on the face, appear to be overwhelming.
Ethnic groups, for example, have diverse interests based on such factors as citizenship, ethnicity and class. Latinos are divided by the diverse interest of an immigrant noncitizen population and citizen native population. This became evident in the aftermath of the riots when the mostly Mexican Americans, citizen-based East Los Angeles leadership attempted to disassociate themselves from the more Central-American and recent Mexican immigrant-based residents of South Central Los Angeles.
Ramos and Wilkinson This division expressed a long standing concern that the Latinoization of Los Angeles politics was in fact being ushered in under Mexican hegemony. Likewise, diverse interests are apparent on the basis of national origin. Among Asian Pacific Islanders, long standing historical divisions between Koreans, Japanese, and Chines cause, in some critical cases, group enmity as opposed to unity.
And even African Americans have strong class cleavages that, despite the concerted attempts of some middle class Blacks to reach out to the needs and the concerns of their less advantaged brethren, show increasing signs of developing into two separate communities.
Thus, in the context of Los Angeles, it is increasingly difficult to conceive of common interests among groups who do not themselves have monolithic interests. Making common interest the basis of coalitions is exacerbated by the more enduring and seemingly intractable issues that derive from the structural concerns cited earlier.
Given the economic changes that have pitted some groups against others for scarce social and economic resources, conflicting interests have begun to emerge around at least four central areas: Jobs, education, crime, and the role of government.
Economics Since the rebellion, the issue of jobs has become a centripetal force in intergroup relations in Los Angeles. While most studies indicate that there is relatively little or no displacement of Blacks by immigrants in the labor market, public opinion polls consistently show that Blacks are more likely than any other racial group to believe that immigrants take jobs away from native-born Americans.
While at the same time, many Latinos look at Blacks who are not working and perceive Blacks as lazy and irresponsible. Thus, two groups ravaged by poverty are divided by their diverse experience in the labor market.
Education, like jobs, appears on its face to be an area of common interest for the emerging multiethnic majority. The lack of education, or poor education, is directly related to economic disadvantage.
It would thus appear that issues such as the reform of public education would be in the interest of all of these groups. But, like the issue of jobs, separate interests permeate the educational arena, reflecting both cultural and structural issues. Nascent cultural conflicts exist over the issue of bilingualism in the schools.
Blacks are concerned that bilingualism will become another screening device to deny Blacks access to both teaching positions and administrative positions in public bureaucracies.Oct 15, · A majority of the nonprofit, four-year institutions surveyed used targeted recruitment and outreach to encourage applications from racial and ethnic minority students (78% of institutions) as well as low-income or first-generation students (71%).
- Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Overview This paper explores the limits and potentials of ethnic and racial coalition building in Los Angeles. The demographic changes that have occurred in Los Angeles during the past twenty years have been extraordinary, both in scope and diversity.
The Impact of Racial and Ethnic Segregation on the Achievement Gap in California High Schools Russell W. Rumberger This study examines the extent and impact of racial and ethnic segregation in California high Los Angeles city schools-where minor-.
The Zoot Suit riots were vivid incidents of racial violence against Latinos (e.g., Mexican-Americans) in Los Angeles in Naval servicemen stationed in a Latino neighborhood conflicted with youth in the dense neighborhood. The Zoot Suit riots were vivid incidents of racial violence against Latinos (e.g., Mexican-Americans) in Los Angeles in Naval servicemen stationed in a Latino neighborhood conflicted with youth in the dense neighborhood.
Author biography. Michael C. Lens is an assistant professor of urban planning in the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Luskin School of Public Affairs.
He conducts research on low-income housing subsidies, neighborhood effects, and segregation by income and race.