Treatment Wounds should be thoroughly cleaned to prevent infection. Any cut or wound must be thoroughly cleaned to prevent infection.
Rapid heart rate When to see a doctor See your doctor for a tetanus booster shot if you have a deep or dirty wound and you haven't had a booster shot in five years.
If you aren't sure of when your last booster was, get a booster. Or see your doctor about a tetanus booster for any wound — especially if it might have been contaminated with dirt, animal feces or manure — if you haven't had a booster shot within the past 10 years or aren't sure of when you were last vaccinated.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Spores of the bacteria that cause tetanus, Clostridium tetani, are found in soil, dust and animal feces. When they enter a deep flesh wound, spores grow into bacteria that can produce a powerful toxin, tetanospasmin, which impairs the nerves that control your muscles motor neurons.
The toxin can cause muscle stiffness and spasms — the major signs of tetanus. Nearly all cases of tetanus occur in people who have never been vaccinated or adults who haven't kept up with their year booster shots.
You can't catch tetanus from a person who has it.
Risk factors The following increase your likelihood of getting tetanus: Failure to get vaccinated or to keep up to date with booster shots against tetanus An injury that lets tetanus spores into the wound A foreign body, such as a nail or splinter Tetanus cases have developed from the following: Puncture wounds — including from splinters, body piercings, tattoos, injection drugs Gunshot wounds.Symptoms of tetanus may include stiffness of the jaw, abdominal, and back muscles, fast pulse, fever, sweating, painful muscle spasms and difficulty swallowing.
The tetanus vaccine can reduce the risk of the disease after an injury. Tetanus is an infection caused by a bacterium called Clostridium tetani. Spores of tetanus bacteria are everywhere in the environment, including soil, dust, and manure.
Spores of tetanus bacteria are everywhere in the environment, including soil, dust, and manure. Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that affects the nervous system and causes muscles throughout the body to tighten. It’s also called lockjaw because the infection often causes muscle.
Tetanus is often called “lockjaw” because one of the most common signs of this infection is tightening of the jaw muscles. Tetanus infection can lead to serious health problems, including being unable to open the mouth and having trouble swallowing and breathing.
Tetanus (lockjaw) is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Clostridium tetani. Read about symptoms, vaccine complications, treatment, and prevention information. Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that affects the nervous system and causes muscles throughout the body to tighten.
It’s also called lockjaw because the infection often causes muscle.