Edit Chandragupta I, a Magadha king, and the first ruler of Gupta Dynasty married a Lichhavi princess, Kumardevi which enabled him to gain a hold over the Ganges river-basin, the main source of North Indian commerce. He ruled for about ten years in the north-central India with his capital as Pataliputranear modern day Patna in Bihar state of India. After his death his son, Samudragupta started to rule the kingdom and did not rest until he conquered almost the whole of India.
Samudragupta As the Kushan empire crumbled and fragmented, many new and old kingdoms sprang up into existence around the periphery of the empire. One of these dynasties, Samudra gupta to rival the Kushan in size and strength, was that of the Guptas.
Starting from a small kingdom in Magadha modern Bihar in the late 3rd century, the Gupta empire grew rapidly under the leadership of Chandragupta I and his son Samudragupta. By the time of Chadragupta II in the late 4th century, the empire included all of northern India from the Indus to the Brahmaputra and Samudra gupta extended south along the east coast of the peninsula.
The Gupta period is considered the "Golden Age" of classical India. This was a time when great universities flourished in Nalanda and Taxila, and great writers such as the playwright Kalidasa and great scientists such as the mathematician and astronomer Aryabhatta, who is credited with the concept of zero among his many achievements, Samudra gupta create an atmosphere of tremendous creative impulse.
Gupta art is regarded as the high point of classical Indian art, and the coinage is equally regarded as among the most beautiful of ancient India. According to the Allahabad inscription of Samudragupta, the founder of the dynasty was named simply Gupta he is normally called Sri Gupta by modern scholars.
He was followed by his son Ghatotkacha, who in turn was succeeded by Chandragupta I, the father of Samudragupta. It was Chandragupta who started to expand the kingdom significantly, at least partly through his marriage to Kumaradevi, a princess of the powerful Lichchhavi dynasty.
The Gupta era of the year CE was probably started by Chandragupta, perhaps relating to the year of his accession. Samudragupta acceded to the throne in c.
Gupta coinage started out imitating that of the Kushans, but very soon new types were introduced. Sceptre type "Standard" type Samudragupta, gold dinar, c. A comparison with late Kushan coins, such as those of Shaka which can be seen in the Shaka galleryshow a close similarity; it is quite clear that the Samudragupta coin is derived from Kushan coins, and Shaka might be the actual prototype, as he was mentioned in Samudragupta's Allahabad inscription and must have been his contemporary.
This type is traditionally called the "Standard type," on the assumption that the king was holding a standard. Numismatists have continued to call it the "Standard type" out of a sense of tradition and inertia. Ellen Raven has argued that we should break this bad habit since it causes confusion and misunderstanding about the nature of the coin type, and I agree.
It should be called the "sceptre type. Samudragupta, gold dinar, c. King and Queen type Samudragupta, gold dinar, c. Lichchhavayah The King and Queen type memorializes the most important event of early Gupta history: This marriage greatly improved the fortunes of the young and ambitious king, allowing him to begin his campaign of expansion.
The attribution of the King and Queen type has been the subject of some debate, Allan, in his catalogue of Gupta coins in the British Museum, assigned them to Samudragupta, while Altekar, in his studies of the Bayana hoard and the corpus of Gupta coins, argued for attributing them to Chandragupta I.
On numismatic grounds, it seems pretty clear that these coins must have been issued by Samudragupta. The clothes worn by the king resemble more the clothes in the later Sceptre type coins of Samudragupta see the second through the fourth coins above rather than the fully Kushan style clothes in the earliest Sceptre type coins, such as the first coin above.
Thus the coins are telling us that the King and Queen coins were issued after the earliest coins of Samudragupta.
On the coins, the king has his right hand raised up close to the queen's face, and numismatists have been wondering what is transpiring between them. Various suggestions have been made, such as that he is holding up an object or applying sindhoor to her forehead.
To me, considering the position of his hand near her mouth, it seems most likely that he is offering her something to eat. Feeding the bride is an important component of the wedding ritual and I can remember my father always offering the first morsel of his dinner to my mother Lichchhavayah On this specimen, the lion on which the Goddess is seated faces to the left.
Also, the previous coin showed clearly the legend at the left of the obverse; this coin shows the legend at the right. Archer type Samudragupta, gold dinar, c. Apratirathah The archer type became the prototypical Gupta coin, but it is relatively rare for Samudragupta, even though he invented the type.
Battle axe type Samudragupta, gold dinar, c. Kritantaparashu Samudragupta, gold dinar, c. Kritantaparashu This variety has the letter Kri presumably for Kritanta under the king's arm. Ashvamedha horse sacrifice type Samudragupta, gold dinar, c.
Haya is another Sanskrit word that means "horse. Samudraguptah The Lyrist type of Samudragupta is also a very beautiful and unique design.Hermaios (also spelled Hermaues) was the last Greek king to rule in Gandhara and the Kabul valley.
His kingdom must have been overrun by nomadic invaders from the north, the Yueh-Chih.
King Samudragupta, known as Samudragupta the great, was the son of Chandragupta I. The Great King of Gupta Empire, Samudra Gupta participated most in building the “The Golden Age of India”. Samudragupta (r. c. / CE) was a ruler of the Gupta Empire of present-day India.
A son of the Gupta emperor Chandragupta I and the Licchavi princess Kumaradevi, he greatly expanded his dynasty's political power.. The Allahabad Pillar inscription, a prashasti (eulogy) composed by his courtier Harishena, credits him with extensive military conquests. Chandragupta II Vikramaditya was one of the greatest rulers of Ancient India and reigned over the ‘Golden Period’ of the Gupta attheheels.comagupta ruled from Pataliputra between CE – CE and succeed his elder brother Ramagupta.
He carried out many successful conquests and extended the reach of the Empire considerably. View the profiles of people named Samudra Gupta. Join Facebook to connect with Samudra Gupta and others you may know.
Facebook gives people the power to. Chandragupta I (r. c. or CE) was a king of the Gupta dynasty, who ruled in northern attheheels.com title Maharajadhiraja ("king of great kings") suggests that he was the first emperor of the dynasty.
It is not certain how he turned his small ancestral kingdom into an empire, although a widely-accepted theory among modern historians is that his marriage to the Lichchhavi princess.