Chirogram from Chirologia, In Britain, manual alphabets were also in use for a number of purposes, such as secret communication,  public speaking, or communication by deaf people. Arthrological systems had been in use by hearing people for some time;  some have speculated that they can be traced to early Ogham manual alphabets. The earliest known printed pictures of consonants of the modern two-handed alphabet appeared in with Digiti Lingua Latin for Language [or Tongue] of the Fingera pamphlet by an anonymous author who was himself unable to speak.
But with colonialism and globalization, smaller languages are being abandoned in favor of major ones, and languages are disappearing at an alarming rate. Some analysts say that a language is lost as often as every two weeks.
Today, more than languages are in immediate danger of being lost, including two featured in the film The Linguists: Two other languages featured, Kallawaya of Bolivia and Sora of India, are less endangered but face challenges.
The Linguists shows people who speak threatened languages talking about what language loss means to them, and it highlights efforts by scientists to preserve languages that are in danger of dying. This curriculum unit provides resources for teaching students that language is an essential element of culture and that the loss of a language is likely to mean the loss of culture, history, traditions, values, and social identity, as well as unique grammar patterns.
Using the film with the background information and learning activities presented here, teachers can help students understand how languages become endangered and "die," and how important it is to document and revitalize threatened languages before they vanish.
These materials are intended for high school and beginning college courses. They may be used in social studies, political science, anthropology, fine arts, foreign language, and other classes that address the key questions raised in The Linguists: Why are languages dying?
How can we save them? Using The Linguists in the Social Studies Curriculum The Linguists exposes students to the world's linguistic and cultural diversity, and the negative consequences of sacrificing that diversity.
The Linguists relates to nine of the ten thematic strands in the National Council for the Social Studies standards. Culture Students will discover that language is a core element of culture: The way we express our ideas reflects our history and helps constitute our way of life.
A worry that older speakers voice in The Linguists is that younger generations will not learn their heritage language and that this will precipitate the loss of their group's history and culture. In the film, linguists David Harrison and Gregory Anderson, who study the Chulym language of Siberia, record stories told by Chulym speakers for future generations.
These stories about bear and moose hunting reflect the traditional Chulym hunter-gatherer society. Time, Continuity, and Change Students will understand the processes by which languages develop, diversify, change, grow, and die and how language provides insight into our past, present, and future.
Even when there is no written record, language itself provides clues to the past and the movement of people throughout time. The Linguists points out, for example, that the Kallawaya culture dates back over years, when the Kallawaya perfected their healing arts. By inventing a "secret" language, they have successfully protected and passed on these arts across a long span of time, and thus provide a glimpse into a chapter of human history that was never written down.
People, Places, and Environments Students will learn how geography influences language change and what languages tell us about environment. Geography plays a role in shaping language: Areas with the greatest linguistic diversity tend to be those where scarcity of resources or geographic features such as mountainous terrain cause people to splinter into groups.
An example is the mountainous country of Papua New Guinea, home to languages. Languages provide important insight into the people, places, and environment of a region.
For instance, in The Linguists video extra Archiving for Speakers and Linguistswe see we see scientists comparing two languages of the Solomon Islands. They find that words for ocean-faring technology have been borrowed. Individual, Development, and Identity Students will understand how language shapes social identity and how the loss of a language affects individuals.
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Language is much more than a system for expressing thoughts, because the way we express our thoughts is connected to our way of life. Without your language, you might as well be dead.
Individuals, Groups, and Institutions Students will learn how institutions sometimes suppress the languages of minority groups and sometimes help preserve them.
Languages become endangered when speakers are forced or encouraged to abandon their language. In The Linguists, we see how the institutions of boarding schools in the United States, India and Siberia had a profound effect on both the people and their languages.
An important goal of language revitalization is to restore respect for languages and demonstrate that all languages can have a function in the modern world.Simply put, languages go extinct when the last native speakers of the language die.
This can be caused by many things: Mass deaths (plagues, natural disasters, genocide) Language evolution; Language adoption; Imagine a people who live in a remote volcanic .
alientraveller. So many issues with what Rowling wrote, like the demolishing of the diversity of Native American cultures, and the depiction of real-life Medicine Men as frauds in her universe.
Why do languages go extinct? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki.
9 Answers. it either, because after all, you already know theirs. People from your region move to other regions, too, where their native language is of no use to them.
There will of course be mixed marriages, in which the dominant language will naturally always win.
stop teaching. If you live in the U.S., fluently speak English and other languages, have proven interpreting experience, and are committed to providing excellent customer service, you might be qualified to join our interpreting team.
 I w rite "murdered" because the Spaniards saw them flee into the jungle with wounds that were almost certainly mortal. The incident was one in which the Spaniards interpreted harmless native gestures incorrectly and attacked their hosts.
Groups of deaf people have used sign languages throughout history. One of the earliest written records of a sign language is from the fifth century BC, in Plato's Cratylus, where Socrates says: "If we hadn't a voice or a tongue, and wanted to express things to one another, wouldn't we try to make signs by moving our hands, head, and the rest of our .