Chapter 7School And Children: Epps and Sylvia F. Smith This chapter is primarily concerned with the effects of schools and schooling on children ages
Developmental Stages Essay Adolescence is probably the most difficult period in life of every individual since it is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood. In this period adolescent undergo significant changes in physiological, psychological and social aspects.
Naturally, these changes produce a significant impact on their lifestyle, behaviour, psychology, etc. Traditionally, adolescence is considered to start at preteens, i.
Basically, adolescence may be divided into three main stages middle childhoodearly adolescenceand middle adolescence while the last years of adolescence may be characterised as the last years when individuals completely grew into adults.
Middle Childhood The first stage when children actually start to transform into adolescents begins at preteens and lasts until 11 years of age.
This stage marks the start of a fast physical growth since at this stage uneven growth of bones, muscles, Middle and late childhood essay organs starts that may result in certain awkward appearance.
Some children, especially girls begin puberty at this age that creates certain difficulties for them, so they need access to information about sexuality appropriate for their age. On the cognitive level, some elements of childhood are combined with elements of adolescence.
To put it more precisely, logical thinking starts to develop, though children are still have limited abstract concepts. Also they accumulate general knowledge and attempt to apply it to new tasks. As a rule they are interested in learning life skills.
At the same time, it should be said that at this age children still remain egocentric but they attempt to gain social approval and live up to the expectations of people close to them, which are basically parents, though the influence of peers is growing stronger.
At this stage lower self-control and emotional stability may be observed. Speaking about emotional and psychological development at this stage, it is necessary to point out that children need to develop a sense of mastery and accomplishment that is often accompanied by certain disorganisation and forgetfulness.
Basically, the latter occurs with the beginning of puberty. As for their peers, it should be pointed out that friendship is with same-gender peers.
Education and parenting articles offer expert tips and information on raising kids. Read educational articles, parenting articles, & more. Login to access the Upswing Virtual Learning Center for Houston Community College. Introduction. Middle childhood is the period of life that begins when children enter school and lasts until they reach adolescence. Think for a moment about children this age that you may know.
Early Adolescence The second stage of adolescence is early adulthood that starts at the age of 11 and lasts till At this stage, an extremely rapid physical changes occur, since it is the puberty period that affects both genders.
Often appetite increases, evident sexual changes occur, that results in voice changes and body ordor. In the state of a rapid physical growth, adolescents often have an increased need for sleep.
Furthermore, at this stage, certain cognitive changes occur. To put it more precisely, some adolescents are still focused on logic, while others are already able to combine logical and abstract thinking.
Anyway, they start to think more abstractly, think about their possibilities, the process of thinking itself.
Moreover, they start to think in multiple dimensions. It should be said that often they practice new thinking skills through humor and by arguing with parents and others.
At the sage of early adolescence, moral development is still characterized by strong egocentrism. At the same time, they acquire ability to take perspectives of others into account with own perspective.
In addition to attempts to gain social approval, adolescents moral is getting to be based on respect for the social order and agreements between people. On the other hand, they start to question social conventions and re-examine their moral principles that often results in conflicts with their parents.
Also, it should be said that at this stage the separation of adolescents from their families begins and peers begin to play increasingly more important, and often defining, role. At the same time, physiological changes can result in a negative self-concept and particular concern on their appearance.
In the result of intense self-focus adolescents may have an increased desire for privacy and sensitivity about body. Also the mood of adolescents at this stage may change frequently and forgetfulness is still a characteristic of them.
In their relations with parents and adults, adolescents are getting more distanced and more concerned on their relations with their peers.Education and parenting articles offer expert tips and information on raising kids. Read educational articles, parenting articles, & more.
Encouraging Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood The advances in cognitive development that occur during the middle childhood years are mostly tied to learning. As kids learn more, they become increasingly skilled and develop critical areas of their brains. Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between people.
Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as communication, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and attheheels.coms academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including .
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