Overview[ edit ] Fordism is "the eponymous manufacturing system designed to spew out standardized, low-cost goods and afford its workers decent enough wages to buy them. Major success stemmed from three major principles:
They were not remarkable automobiles, but public response… Early life Henry Ford was one of eight children of William and Mary Ford. He was born on the family farm near DearbornMichigan, then a town eight miles west of Detroit. Abraham Lincoln was president of the 24 states of the Union, and Jefferson Davis was president of the 11 states of the Confederacy.
Ford attended a one-room school for eight years when he was not helping his father with the harvest. At age 16 he walked to Detroit to find work in its machine shops. After three years, during which he came in contact with the internal-combustion engine for the first time, he returned to the farm, where he worked part-time for the Westinghouse Engine Company and in spare moments tinkered in a little machine shop he set up.
Ford moved back to Detroit nine years later as a married man. They were married inand on November 6,she gave birth to their only child, Edsel Bryant.
A month later Ford was made chief engineer at the main Detroit Edison Company plant with responsibility for maintaining electric service in the city 24 hours a day. He had determined several years before to build a gasoline-powered vehicle, and his first working gasoline engine was completed at the end of Unlike many other automotive inventors, including Charles Edgar and J.
Frank Duryea, Elwood HaynesHiram Percy Maximand his Detroit acquaintance Charles Brady King, all of whom had built self-powered vehicles before Ford but who held onto their creations, Ford sold his to finance work on a second vehicle, and a third, and so on. During the next seven years he had various backers, some of whom, informed the Detroit Automobile Company later the Henry Ford Companybut all eventually abandoned him in exasperation because they wanted a passenger car to put on the market while Ford insisted always on improving whatever model he was working on, saying that it was not ready yet for customers.
Finally, inFord was ready to market an automobile. The company was a success from the beginning, but just five weeks after its incorporation the Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers threatened to put it out of business because Ford was not a licensed manufacturer.
He had been denied a license by this group, which aimed at reserving for its members the profits of what was fast becoming a major industry. The basis of their power was control of a patent granted in to George Baldwin Seldena patent lawyer of Rochester, New York.
The association claimed that the patent applied to all gasoline-powered automobiles. Along with many rural Midwesterners of his generation, Ford hated industrial combinations and Eastern financial power.
Moreover, Ford thought the Selden patent preposterous. All invention was a matter of evolution, he said, yet Selden claimed genesis. He was glad to fight, even though the fight pitted the puny Ford Motor Company against an industry worth millions of dollars.
The gathering of evidence and actual court hearings took six years. Ford lost the original case in ; he appealed and won in His victory had wide implications for the industry, and the fight made Ford a popular hero.
Once only the rich had travelled freely around the country; now millions could go wherever they pleased. The Model T was the chief instrument of one of the greatest and most rapid changes in the lives of the common people in history, and it effected this change in less than two decades.
Farmers were no longer isolated on remote farms. The horse disappeared so rapidly that the transfer of acreage from hay to other crops caused an agricultural revolution. The automobile became the main prop of the American economy and a stimulant to urbanization—cities spread outward, creating suburbs and housing developments—and to the building of the finest highway system in the world.
The minute subdivision of labour and the coordination of a multitude of operations produced huge gains in productivity. Overnight Ford became a worldwide celebrity.
People either praised him as a great humanitarian or excoriated him as a mad socialist. Ford said humanitarianism had nothing to do with it. Previously profit had been based on paying wages as low as workers would take and pricing cars as high as the traffic would bear.
The development of mass-production techniques, which enabled the company eventually to turn out a Model T every 24 seconds; the frequent reductions in the price of the car made possible by economies of scale; and the payment of a living wage that raised workers above subsistence and made them potential customers for, among other things, automobiles—these innovations changed the very structure of society.Browse our collection of authentic Henry Ford quotations that have been attributed to reliable sources by the Ford Motor Company or The Henry Ford.
"To resent efficiency is a mark of inefficiency." Subject: Efficiency Source: Ford News, p. 2. This will lead to more work. & this to more work. & this to more wages. Fordism is the basis of modern economic and social systems in industrialized, low-cost goods and afford its workers decent enough wages to buy them." based upon supposedly-scientific studies of human efficiency and incentive systems.
It attracted European intellectuals. Henry Ford (July 30, mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers.
Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. Always on the hunt for more efficiency and lower costs, in Ford introduced the moving assembly belts into his plants, which enabled an enormous increase in .
Did Henry Ford Pay Efficiency Wages? Daniel M.G.
Raff, Lawrence H. Summers. NBER Working Paper No. (Also Reprint No. r) Issued in December NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship This paper examines Henry Ford's introduction of the five-dollar day .
Browse our collection of authentic Henry Ford quotations that have been attributed to reliable sources by the Ford Motor Company or The Henry Ford. "To resent efficiency is a mark of inefficiency." Subject: Efficiency Source: Ford News, p.
2. This will lead to more work. & this to more work. & . Henry Ford (July 30, – April 7, ) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.