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Introduction To many, leaders are not born, but made. It is increasingly accepted, however, that in order to be a good leader, one must have the experience, knowledge, commitment, patience, and most importantly the skill to negotiate and work with others to achieve goals.
Good leaders are thus made, not born. He stated that the basis of a good leadership is strong character and selfless devotion to an organization Jenkins, From the perspective of employees, leadership is comprised of everything a leader does that affects the achievement of objectives and the well-being of employees and the organization Abbasialiya, Leadership involves a type of responsibility aimed at achieving particular ends by applying the available resources human and material and ensuring a cohesive and coherent organization in the process Ololube, Northouse and Rowe described leadership as a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.
This article contends that effective leadership is crucial to the proper operation and very survival of a non-profit organization.
Leadership is arguably one of the most observed, yet least understood phenomena on earth Burns, in Abbasialiya, Over time, researchers have proposed many different styles of leadership as there is no particular style of leadership that can be considered universal.
Despite the many diverse styles of leadership, a good or effective leader inspires, motivates, and directs activities to help achieve group or organizational goals. Conversely, an ineffective leader does not contribute to organizational progress and can, in fact, detract from organizational goal accomplishment.
According to Nayloreffective leadership is a product of the heart and an effective leader must be visionary, passionate, creative, flexible, inspiring, innovative, courageous, imaginative, experimental, and initiates change see figure 1. Qualities of the leader and the manager This study was enthused by the premise that no nation grows further than the quality of its educational leaders and or educational managers.
In this theoretical debate, the authors presented a moderately detail analysis of a theoretical research conducted on the need for African countries especially Nigeria to reform.
This debate focus not simply on what educational leadership is, but the impact it has on school management, teachers and students and the part it plays in meeting the challenges facing education institutions.
The overall purpose of this theoretical debate is to examine the wider context in which leadership is made on effectiveness and improved school management.
Theories of Leadership There are as many different views of leadership as there are characteristic that distinguish leaders from non-leaders. In the more dominant theories of leadership, there exists the notion that, at least to some degree, leadership is a process that involves influence with a group of people toward the realization of goals Wolinski, Charrynoting that scholarly interest in leadership increased significantly during the early part of the twentieth century, identified eight major leadership theories.
While the earlier of these focused on the qualities that distinguish leaders from followers, later theories looked at other variables including situational factors and skill levels. These theories often portray leaders as heroic, mythic and destined to rise to leadership when needed.
The term great man was used because, at the time, leadership was thought of primarily as a male quality, especially military leadership See also, Ololube, Trait Theory Similar in some ways to great man theories, the trait theory assumes that people inherit certain qualities or traits make them better suited to leadership.
Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioural characteristics that are shared by leaders. Many have begun to ask of this theory, however, if particular traits are key features of leaders and leadership, how do we explain people who possess those qualities but are not leaders?
Inconsistencies in the relationship between leadership traits and leadership effectiveness eventually led scholars to shift paradigms in search of new explanations for effective leadership. Contingency Theories Contingency theories of leadership focus on particular variables related to the environment that might determine which style of leadership is best suited for a particular work situation.The School offers two capstone project options: an Organizational Leadership Project (OLP) or a thesis.
Both use an action research approach, but the differences between the two are reflected in Torbert and Taylor’s () concept of first-person, second-person, and third-person research.
Effective School leadership today must combine the traditional school leadership duties such as teacher evaluation, budgeting, scheduling, and facilities maintenance with a deep involvement with specific aspects of teaching and learning. EFFECTIVE SCHOOL LEADERSHIP PRACTICES SUPPORTING THE ALBERTA INITIATIVE FOR SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT (AISI) AMBER DARROCH attheheels.com, University of Alberta, A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of the University of Lethbridge with an informed Albertan perspective on effective leadership for continuous school.
Effective leadership of a good manager can be indicated in the responsibilities one has to undertake.
At first, a good manager has to guide new employees to the workplace. During this exercise, it is essential to portray a sense of friendliness and willingness to allow new recruits adjust to the environment. Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.
 Specialist literature debates various viewpoints, contrasting Eastern and Western approaches to leadership, and also (within the West) United States versus European approaches.
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