Inshe switched to the Partito Radicalecampaigning on a libertarian platform against nuclear energy and NATO membership, as well as for human rights. She was elected to the Italian parliament inwith approximately 20, votes. While in office, and before the outset of the Gulf Warshe offered to have sex with Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein in return for peace in the region.
Victory stele of Naram-Sin of Akkad. Bronze Age In the 26th century BC, Eannatum of Lagash created what was perhaps the first empire in history, though this was short-lived. Later, Lugal-Zage-Sithe priest-king of Ummaoverthrew the primacy of the Lagash dynasty in the area, then conquered Urukmaking it his capital, and claimed an empire extending from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean.
From the 29th century BC, Akkadian Semitic names began to appear on king lists and administrative documents of various city states. It remains unknown as to the origin of Akkad, where it was precisely situated and how it rose to prominence.
Its people spoke Akkadianan East Semitic language. The influences between Sumerian and Akkadian are evident in all areas, including lexical borrowing on a massive scale—and syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence.
This mutual influence has prompted scholars to refer to Sumerian and Akkadian of the 3rd millennium BC as a Sprachbund. Bill of sale of a male slave and a building in ShuruppakSumerian tablet, circa BC.
Between the 29th and 24th centuries BC, a number of kingdoms and city states within Iraq began to have Akkadian speaking dynasties; including AssyriaEkallatumIsin and Larsa.
However, the Sumerians remained generally dominant until the rise of the Akkadian Empire — BCbased in the city of Akkad in central Iraq. Sargon of Akkadoriginally a Rabshakeh to a Sumerian king, founded the empire, he conquered all of the city states of southern and central Iraq, and subjugated the kings of Assyria, thus uniting the Sumerians and Akkadians in one state.
He then set about expanding his empire, conquering GutiumElam and had victories that did not result into a full conquest against the Amorites and Eblaites of Ancient Syria. After the collapse of the Akkadian Empire in the late 22nd century BC, the Gutians occupied the south for a few decades, while Assyria reasserted its independence in the north.
This was followed by a Sumerian renaissance in the form of the Neo-Sumerian Empire. The Sumerians under king Shulgi conquered almost all of Iraq except the northern reaches of Assyria, and asserted themselves over the GutiansElamites and Amoritesdestroying the first and holding off the others.
An Elamite invasion in BC brought the Sumerian revival to an end. By the mid 21st century BC, the Akkadian speaking kingdom of Assyria had risen to dominance in northern Iraq. Assyria expanded territorially into the north eastern Levant, central Iraq, and eastern Anatolia, forming the Old Assyrian Empire circa — BC under kings such as Puzur-Ashur ISargon IIlushuma and Erishum Ithe latter of whom produced the most detailed set of law yet written.
During the 20th century BC, the Canaanite speaking Amorites began to migrate into southern Mesopotamia. Eventually, they began to set up small petty kingdoms in the south, as well as usurping the thrones of extant city states such as IsinLarsa and Eshnunna.
Hammurabidepicted as receiving his royal insignia from Shamash. One of these small Amorite kingdoms founded in BC contained the then small administrative town of Babylon within its borders. It remained insignificant for over a century, overshadowed by older and more powerful states, such as Assyria, Elam, Isin, Ehnunna and Larsa.
In BC, an Amorite ruler named Hammurabi came to power in this state, and immediately set about building Babylon from a minor town into a major city, declaring himself its king.
Hammurabi conquered the whole of southern and central Iraq, as well as Elam to the east and Mari to the west, then engaged in a protracted war with the Assyrian king Ishme-Dagan for domination of the region, creating the short-lived Babylonian Empire. He eventually prevailed over the successor of Ishme-Dagan and subjected Assyria and its Anatolian colonies.
By the middle of the eighteenth century BC, the Sumerians had lost their cultural identity and ceased to exist as a distinct people. However, his empire was short-lived, and rapidly collapsed after his death, with both Assyria and southern Iraq, in the form of the Sealand Dynastyfalling back into native Akkadian hands.
The foreign Amorites clung on to power in a once more weak and small Babylonia until it was sacked by the Indo-European speaking Hittite Empire based in Anatolia in BC. After this, another foreign people, the Language Isolate speaking Kassitesoriginating in the Zagros Mountains of Ancient Iranseized control of Babylonia, where they were to rule for almost years, by far the longest dynasty ever to rule in Babylon.
Iraq was from this point divided into three polities: Assyria in the north, Kassite Babylonia in the south central region, and the Sealand Dynasty in the far south. Beginning with the campaigns of Ashur-uballit IAssyria destroyed the rival Hurrian - Mitanni Empire, annexed huge swathes of the Hittite Empire for itself, annexed northern Babylonia from the Kassites, forced the Egyptian Empire from the region, and defeated the ElamitesPhrygiansCanaanitesPhoeniciansCiliciansGutiansDilmunites and Arameans.
The Kassites were driven from power by Assyria and Elam, allowing native south Mesopotamian kings to rule Babylonia for the first time, although often subject to Assyrian or Elamite rulers.
However, these East Semitic Akkadian kings, were unable to prevent new waves of West Semitic migrants entering southern Iraq, and during the 11th century BC Arameans and Suteans entered Babylonia from The Levantand these were followed in the late 10th to early 9th century BC by the migrant Chaldeans who were closely related to the earlier Arameans.
It was during this period that an Akkadian influenced form of Eastern Aramaic was adopted by the Assyrians as the lingua franca of their vast empire, and Mesopotamian Aramaic began to supplant Akkadian as the spoken language of the general populace of both Assyria and Babylonia.
The descendant dialects of this tongue survive amongst the Mandaeans of southern Iraq and Assyrians of northern Iraq to this day. Relief showing a lion huntfrom the north palace of Nineveh— BC. In the late 7th century BC, the Assyrian Empire tore itself apart with a series of brutal civil wars, weakening itself to such a degree that a coalition of its former subjects; the BabyloniansChaldeansMedesPersiansParthiansScythians and Cimmerianswere able to attack Assyria, finally bringing its empire down by BC.
It failed to attain the size, power or longevity of its predecessor; however, it came to dominate The LevantCanaanArabiaIsrael and Judahand to defeat Egypt.
Initially, Babylon was ruled by yet another foreign dynasty, that of the Chaldeanswho had migrated to the region in the late 10th or early 9th century BC. Its greatest king, Nebuchadnezzar IIrivalled another non native ruler, the ethnically unrelated Amorite king Hammurabias the greatest king of Babylon.Saddam Hussein has the dubious distinction of being the best-known Middle Eastern dictator.
He ruled Iraq from until his overthrow and capture by a US-led coalition, in Born to a peasant family near Tikrit, the teenage Saddam immersed himself in the anti-British, Arab nationalist ideology of the day.
March 12, – Introduction of Homeland Security Advisory System At Yellow. From the White House: As part of a series of initiatives to improve coordination and communication among all levels of government and the American public in the fight against terrorism, President Bush signed Homeland Security Presidential Directive 3, creating the Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS).
In August, , Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq, invaded the small but oil-rich kingdom of Kuwait, prompting military action by the U.S. under George H W Bush. Operation Desert Storm was a success, liberating Kuwait from Iraqi control within hours.
First published in , just before the Gulf War broke out, Republic of Fear was the only book that explained the motives of the Saddam Hussein regime in invading and annexing attheheels.com edition, updated in , has a substantial introduction focusing on the changes in Hussein. Early life.
Ilona was born in Budapest, attheheels.com father, László Staller, left the family when she was young. She was raised by her mother, who was a midwife, and her stepfather, who was an official in the Hungarian Ministry of the Interior..
In , she began working as a model for the Hungarian news agency, M.T.I. In her memoirs and in a TV interview, she claimed that she had. This Bentley, once stolen by Saddam Hussein, was riddled with bullet holes and even received some axe wounds in the aftermath of the second Iraq war and fall of the Hussein regime.
But the end of the story is a happy one, as it .